On the 31st December 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) China country office reported a cluster of pneumonia cases in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China now known to be caused by a novel virus. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been confirmed as the causative virus of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Cases have now been identified in over 100 countries including South Africa and WHO has declared a global pandemic.

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